The Mississippi legislature votes to secede from the Union.
Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Jefferson Davis, a former senator from Mississippi, was inaugurated the first and only president of the Confederate States of America on February 18, a month prior to Abraham Lincoln's inauguration in Washington, D.C.
In front of the state capitol at Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis, one of Mississippi's U.S. senators, took the oath of office as provisional president of the Confederacy.
A moderate secessionist who, Davis anticipates a "long and bloody war."
Mississippi will ratify the Confederate Constitution in March.
In South Carolina, Confederate forces fire the opening shots of the Civil War on the Union-held Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor.
Regiments of volunteers from Mississippi are quickly organized and are dispatched to Pensacola, Virginia, and Tennessee.