August: Sauvolle, the French governor at Biloxi, dies of a fever. The hot summer months of 1700 and 1701 had claimed the lives of many settlers. Bienville assumes charge over the 150 survivors.
December: Iberville returns from France with more colonists and supplies, but he informs the men who had remained in Biloxi that the colony had to be relocated to Mobile Bay so that they would be nearer their new Spanish allies at Pensacola in anticipation of a coming war with England. Bienville, therefore, went to Mobile Bay to oversee the building of Fort Louis. The Biloxi settlement is not to be abandoned, though it is badly neglected.
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